No one is safe from climate change: IPCC report

Climate change is going to have an impact on the daily lives of everyone on planet earth, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

The findings of the international scientific organisation’s latest report, which focused on the impacts of, adaptations to and vulnerability to climate change, were announced this week at a press conference in Yokohama, Japan.

IPCC chairman Dr Rajendra K Pachauri said: “We have assessed impacts as they are happening and impacts on natural and human systems on all continents and oceans and I would like to emphasise that in view of these impacts and those that we have projected for the future, nobody on this planet is going to be untouched by the impacts of climate change.”

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Pachauri warned that there could be a major impact on food security, with a change in climate conditions damaging crop yields.

“This really would be a severe challenge for some of the poorest communities and poorest regions in the world,” he said, adding that for the poorest there would be an increased risk of death from heat and vector-borne disease – diseases such as malaria that are transmitted by insects or other organisms.

However, he also stressed that it was not just the poorest who would be affected. In addition to food supply, which, given the popularity of imported foods in many parts of the world, is likely to affect everyone, Pachauri indentified a possible increase of extreme events, which would have an impact on “morbidity and mortality”.

“There could also be severe, pervasive and irreversible impacts on species and there is a risk of crossing tipping points as a result of increasing temperatures,” he added.

For coastal areas and island nations the outlook is particularly grim. “In areas like low-lying coastal areas, the small island states which are very vulnerable to sea level rise, there would be a possible breakdown of infrastructure networks, key services like electricity supply,” said Pachauri.

There are also likely to be other far-reaching social impacts as a result of climate change.

“Climate change can lead to displacement, can lead to increased conflicts,” said Pachauri. “There are already several stressors that are leading to conflicts in certain parts of the world – the impacts of climate change could well exacerbate those risks.”

But Pachauri stressed that efforts can still be made to mitigate the effects of climate change and highlighted that this was humanity’s only option if we are to minimise the potential damage.

“The one thing we have come up with is the importance of adaptation and mitigation choices because this is the only way that we might be able to reduce the risks of climate change,” he explained.

“I think the ability of human society to embark on a move to climate resilient pathways depends to a large extent of the extent to which we are prepared to mitigate the emissions of greenhouse gases.”


Body image and video courtesy of the IPCC.


Robot tractors, mini drones and real-time data: leading futurist presents the farming of tomorrow

The farms of the future will be managed from futuristic command centres where farmers can dispatch mini drones and robot tractors in response to real-time information, according to Canadian futurist Richard Worzel.

Speaking at BASF Canada’s Knowledge Harvest, a major event for farmers in North America, Worzel outlined an image of farming where a computerised butler would present data about moisture and temperature and enable the farmer to respond accordingly.

He described how farmers would be able to use robot tractors to plant seeds, which would make precision planting in response to soil conditions easy and effective.

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Swarms of mini drones would be used to scout crops at low heights, providing readings on condition and growth rate, and digitally-generated maps would provide precise information about where to apply fertilizer and pesticides.

The future could even be organic: natural predators such as ladybugs could be dispatched in response to imminently-hatching pests.

Speaking ahead of the event, Worzak said: “The prospects for farms and farmers are probably better than they have been for fifty years or more.”

The technology Worzak describes could have a significant impact on crop yield, which is vital in a world where population growth is quickly outstripping food supply.

“Information technologies are going to allow farmers to do more with less: fewer inputs, better costs, higher yields,” Worzak explained.

Changes in technology elsewhere could also have an impact on what farmers are growing.

“Traditionally farmers have made their money off of three primary food sources,” Worzak said, referring to the “three fs” of farming: food, feed and fibre.

“Now technology is adding three additional sources,” he explained, outlining how many farmers will increasingly be growing crops for fuel, pseudo-plastics and pharmaceuticals.

There is considerable ongoing research across a host of industries about the use of plants in these areas, and it is likely that they will be increasingly used ahead of oil-based or chemically-derived products.

This could be bad news for consumers, though: farmers are likely to opt for whatever sells for the most, which means there could be a shortage of some food products if growing plastics turns out to pay more.

Farming is an area seeing huge growth in technological solutions. Genetically modified crops that are tailored to resist pests or have higher yields have been used for years in some areas of the world, and hydroponic and aquaponic solutions are increasingly being used in regions where space is at a premium.

Farming machinery is also going high tech. In 2011 Tractor manufacturers Valtra created a concept for their tractor of the future (pictured above and in the video). Named ANTS, it features a video game-style heads-up display, a modular design and the ability to work autonomously on basic tasks.

With farming drones in development and significant amounts being thrown into farm analytics, Worzel’s view of the farming future could be here before long.


Featured image courtesy of Valtra.