Artificial intelligence would improve IVF’s success rate, research finds

Using artificial intelligence to determine embryos with the best chance of producing successful pregnancies through in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) would increase the procedure’s rate of success, according to a study.

The research, presented today at the 33rd Annual Meeting of the European Society of Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE) in Geneva, found that using AI to standardise the selection of ‘good quality’ embryos would make viable embryo selection more accurate and so increase the chances of a successful pregnancy.

A popular choice for couples with fertility problems, IVF involves removing eggs from the woman’s ovaries, fertilising them with sperm to produce embryos and then implanting the most viable back into the womb, where they – all being well – will develop as normal into a healthy baby.

As part of this, embryologists determine which embryos are most viable for implantation, however despite this selection process, between 30 and 60% fail to implant successfully. Part of the reason for this is patient age, but there is also the fact that different embryologists will make different calls about whether an embryo is viable.

“The issue is that morphological grading by humans leads to wide inter and intra-operator variation,” said investigator Professor José Celso Rocha, from São Paulo State University, Brazil. In other words, embryologists’ assessment of an embryo’s shape and development results in significantly different conclusions depending on who is doing the assessing. And it is this variation that Rocha believes AI can help with.

“To classify images automatically will increase the predictive value of our embryo assessment,” he said. “By increasing objectivity and repeatability in embryo assessment, we can improve the accuracy of diagnosing embryo viability. Clinics can use this information as ‘artificial intelligence’ to customise treatment strategies and better predict a patient’s chance of pregnancy.”

The study which is the focus of this argument involved bovine embryos, with 482 seven-day-old embryos used to ‘train’ the AI system to recognise viable embryos from non-viable ones. The system assessed the embryos against 36 variables to determine viability, resulting in an accuracy of 76% – an improvement on conventional methods – and increased general consistency.

Now the research has moved onto human embryos, and although it is in the early stages of development, it is hoped that it will produce a highly repeatable system that will make future embryo classification far more consistent.

However, while AI might be poised to take over a part of the IVF process, it is human expertise that it will draw from.

“The artificial intelligence system must be based on learning from a human being,” said Rocha. “That is, the experienced embryologists who set the standards of assessment to train the system.”

Wanted man captured thanks to facial recognition

A Chinese man who was wanted by police for “economic crimes” – which can include anything from tax evasion to the theft of public property – was arrested at a music concert in China after facial recognition technology spotted him inside the venue.

Source: Abacus News

SpaceX president commits to city-to-city rocket travel

SpaceX president and chief operating officer Gwynne Shotwell has reiterated the company’s plans to make city-to-city travel — on Earth — using a rocket that’s designed for outer space a reality. Shotwell says the tech will be operational “within a decade, for sure.”

Source: Recode

Businessman wins battle with Google over 'right to be forgotten'

A businessman fighting for the "right to be forgotten" has won a UK High Court action against Google.. The businessman served six months’ in prison for “conspiracy to carry out surveillance”, and the judge agreed to an “appropriate delisting order".

Source: Press Gazette

UK launched cyber attack on Islamic State

The UK has conducted a "major offensive cyber campaign" against the Islamic State group, the director of the intelligence agency GCHQ, Jeremy Fleming, has revealed. The operation hindered the group's ability to co-ordinate attacks and suppressed its propaganda.

Source: BBC

Goldman Sachs consider whether curing patients is bad for business

Goldman Sachs analysts have attempted to tackle the question of whether pioneering "gene therapy" treatment will be bad for business in the long run. "Is curing patients a sustainable business model?" analysts ask in a report entitled "The Genome Revolution."

Source: CNBC

Four-armed robot performing surgery in the UK

A £1.5m "robotic" surgeon, controlled using a computer console, is being used to shorten the time patients spend recovering after operations. The da Vinci Xi machine is the only one in the country being used for upper gastrointestinal surgery.

Source: BBC

Virgin Galactic rocket planes go past the speed of sound

Virgin Galactic completed its first powered flight in nearly four years when Richard Branson's space company launched its Unity spacecraft, which reached supersonic speeds before safely landing. “We’ve been working towards this moment for a long time,” Virgin Galactic CEO George Whitesides said in an email to Quartz.

Source: Quartz

Google employees protest being in "the business of war"

Thousands of Google employees, including dozens of senior engineers, have signed a letter protesting the company’s involvement in a Pentagon program that uses AI to interpret video imagery and could be used to improve the targeting of drone strikes. The letter, which is circulating inside Google, has garnered more than 3,100 signatures

Source: New York Times

Computer system transcribes words users “speak silently”

MIT researchers have developed a computer interface that transcribes words that the user verbalises internally but does not actually speak aloud. The wearable device picks up neuromuscular signals in the jaw and face that are triggered by internal verbalisations — saying words “in your head” — but are undetectable to the human eye.

Source: MIT News

Drones could be used to penalise bad farming

A report by a coalition of environmental campaigners is arguing squadrons of drones should be deployed to locate and penalise farmers who let soil run off their fields. Their report says drones can help to spot bad farming, which is said to cost more than £1.2bn a year by clogging rivers and contributing to floods.

Source: BBC

Californian company unveil space hotel

Orion Span, a California company, has unveiled its Aurora Station, a commercial space station that would house a luxury hotel. The idea is to put the craft in low-earth orbit, about 200 miles up, with a stay at the hotel likely to cost $9.5 million for a 12-day trip, but you can reserve a spot now with an $80,000 deposit.

UK mobile operators pay close to £1.4bn for 5G

An auction of frequencies for the next generation of mobile phone networks has raised £1.36bn, says regulator Ofcom. Vodafone, EE, O2 and Three all won the bandwidth needed for the future 5G mobile internet services, which are not expected to be launched until 2020.

Source: BBC