Volkswagen presents the campervan of the future

Volkswagen has presented their answer to the campervan of the future, in the form of the I.D. Buzz concept car. Currently being shown off at the North American International Auto Show (NAIAS) in Detroit, the microbus is electric, all-wheel drive and zero emission.

The Buzz has a range of up to 600km, contains eight seats and space for bikes and boards. The VW campervan has long been a nostalgic throwback and it seems that Volkswagen is determined to build on such an icon and transform it into something a little more suitable for the future.

“The I.D. Buzz stands for the new Volkswagen: modern, positive, emotional, future-orientated. By 2025, we want to sell one million electric cars per year, making e-mobility the new trademark of Volkswagen,” explained Dr Herbert Diess, chairman of the Volkswagen Brand Board of Management.

“The new e-Golf2 already offers 50 percent more electric range. From 2020 onwards we will then launch our ID.family, a new generation of fully electric, fully connected cars. It will be affordable for millions, not just to millionaires.”

The Buzz builds on the I.D.3, Volkswagen’s compact electric car that was the first to go into production based on a new Modular Electric Drive Kit (MEB) and the first VW concept car that can be driven in fully automated mode. The Buzz is now the first minivan to do so and manages the feat with a certain flare.

By pushing the wheel, it melts back into the cockpit of the car and shifts the Buzz into automated mode. In this mode, as the car drives you can spin the driver’s seat to face your passengers while a variety of sensors and cameras, combined with traffic data from the cloud, keep you from a fiery death.

More futuristic yet however, are the augmented reality features. As opposed to a conventional cockpit, the vehicle projects key information via a heads-up display. No longer confined to managing your info via dials or a console hub, it’ll now be 3D and virtual. Additionally, the main controls will all be on the wheel and function through a capacitive touchpad embedded in the wheel.

Images courtesy of Volkswagen

One thing is for sure, this isn’t the hippy-mobile that the classic VW van became iconic as. Whether or not it’s a vehicle we’ll ever realistically see on the road is uncertain but, if successfully manufactured, what the Buzz offers is an experience unlike others.

Currently, there is a big push for autonomous vehicles across brands. This concept goes beyond that idea, however, and it seems that the driving experience is focused on turning the car more into a gadget than just a means of transportation.

The Buzz, alongside its sister I.D.3, does not yet have approvals for sale, and there is no fixed release date for it. The car is currently on display at the NAIAS as part of Volkswagen’s “We make the future real” brand strategy.

Researchers discover remains of “Triassic Jaws” who dominated the seas after Earth’s most severe mass extinction event

Researchers have discovered the fossil remains of an unknown large predatory fish called Birgeria: an approximately 1.8-meter-long primitive bony fish with long jaws and sharp teeth that swallowed its prey whole.

Swiss and US researchers led by the Paleontological Institute and Museum of the University of Zurich say the Birgeria dominated the sea that once covered present-day Nevada one million years after the mass extinction.

Its period of dominance began following “the most catastrophic mass extinction on Earth”, which took place about 252 million years ago – at the boundary between the Permian and Triassic geological periods.

Image courtesy of UZH. Featured image courtesy of Nadine Bösch

Up to 90% of the marine species of that time were annihilated, and before the discovery of the Birgeria, palaeontologists had assumed that the first predators at the top of the food chain did not appear until the Middle Triassic epoch about 247 to 235 million years ago.

“The surprising find from Elko County in northeastern Nevada is one of the most completely preserved vertebrate remains from this time period ever discovered in the United States,” emphasises Carlo Romano, lead author of the study.

Although, species of Birgeria existed worldwide. The most recent discovery belongs to a previously unknown species called Birgeria Americana, and is the earliest example of a large-sized Birgeria species, about one and a half times longer than geologically older relatives.

The researchers say the discovery of Birgeria is proof that food chains recovered quicker than previously thought from Earth’s most devastating mass extinction event.

According to earlier studies, marine food chains were shortened after the mass extinction event and recovered only slowly and stepwise.

However, finds such as the newly discovered Birgeria species and the fossils of other vertebrates now show that so-called apex predators (animals at the very top of the food chain) already lived early after the mass extinction.

“The vertebrates from Nevada show that previous interpretations of past biotic crises and associated global changes were too simplistic,” said Romano.

Revolutionary DNA sunscreen gives better protection the longer its worn

Researchers have developed a ground-breaking sunscreen made of DNA that offers significant improvements over conventional versions.

Unlike current sunscreens, which need to be reapplied regularly to remain effective, the DNA sunscreen improves over time, offering greater protection the longer it is exposed to the sun.

In addition, it also keeps the skin hydrated, meaning it could also be beneficial as a treatment for wounds in extreme or adverse environments.

Developed by researchers from Binghamton University, State University of New York, the innovative sunscreen could prove essential as temperatures climb and many are increasingly at risk of conditions caused by excessive UV exposure, such as skin cancer.

“Ultraviolet (UV) light can actually damage DNA, and that’s not good for the skin,” said Guy German, assistant professor of biomedical engineering at Binghamton University.

“We thought, let’s flip it. What happens instead if we actually used DNA as a sacrificial layer? So instead of damaging DNA within the skin, we damage a layer on top of the skin.”

The DNA sunscreen has the potential to become a standard, significantly improving the safety of spending time in the sun

The research, which is published today in the journal Scientific Reports, involved the development of thin crystalline DNA films.

These films are transparent in appearance, but able to absorb UV light; when the researchers exposed the film to UV light, they found that its absorption rate improved, meaning the more UV is was exposed to, the more it absorbed.

“If you translate that, it means to me that if you use this as a topical cream or sunscreen, the longer that you stay out on the beach, the better it gets at being a sunscreen,” said German.

The film will no doubt attract the attention of sunscreen manufacturers, who will likely be keen to commercialise such a promising product. However, the researchers have not said if there is any interest as yet, and if there is any clear timeline to it becoming a commercial product.

 

The film’s properties are not just limited to sun protection, however. The DNA film can also store water at a far greater rate than conventional skin, limiting water evaporation and increasing the skin’s hydration.

As a result, the film is also being explored as a wound covering, as it would allow the wound to be protected from the sun, keep it moist – an important factor for improved healing – and allow the wound to be monitored without needing to remove the dressing.

“Not only do we think this might have applications for sunscreen and moisturizers directly, but if it’s optically transparent and prevents tissue damage from the sun and it’s good at keeping the skin hydrated, we think this might be potentially exploitable as a wound covering for extreme environments,” said German.